Title

Characterization of dissolved organic matter and determination of its biogeochemical significance in coastal and inland water bodies

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Dash, Padmanava

Committee Member

Mercer, Andrew E.

Committee Member

Ambinakudige, Shrinidhi

Committee Member

Feng, Gary

Date of Degree

8-1-2019

Original embargo terms

Visible MSU Only 3 Years||8/15/2022||8/15/2022

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Major

Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Department

Department of Geosciences

Abstract

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a major component of natural waters and provides essential nutrients for aquatic organisms. However, excess DOM in the water results in water quality issues and affects the aquatic life negatively. The present research evaluated the source, composition, reactivity, dynamics, and the spatial distribution of DOM in diverse water bodies using spectrofluorometric methods in tandem with multivariate statistics. The study was conducted in the inland and coastal water bodies of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama over a period of three years (2016 to 2018). Surface water samples were collected from spatially separated waterbodies with diverse land use and land cover classes. In addition, reactivity of DOM was assessed by conducting a series of laboratory experiments at varying magnitudes of sunlight and bacterial activity. Spatial distribution and mobility of DOM, nutrients and trace elements with respect to land cover classes and hydrology was evaluated using watershed delineation and multivariate statistics. Results suggest that microbial humic-like or protein-like DOM compositions derived from microbial/anthropogenic sources were less reactive than the terrestrial humic-like compositions originated from forests and woody wetlands. Furthermore, the sunlight was the major factor causing the degradation of DOM in the water bodies, while temperature had a minor effect. Additionally, the results also suggest that livestock fields in the pastoral and rangelands release a high amount of microbial humic-like DOM along with nutrients such as phosphates and nitrates into the water bodies. Present research identified the presence of four types of DOM in the study areas and were terrestrial humic-like, microbial humic-like, soil-derived humic-like and protein-like compositions. Additionally, trace element availability and mobility of coastal areas is influenced by local hydrology and precipitation. Research also identified forested areas as the major source of DOM to the water bodies of Mississippi. In conclusion, present research found that watershed land use and land cover, hydrology, and climate control the dynamics of DOM, other nutrients, and trace element delivery to the water bodies, while combined effects of light and bacteria are more efficient in reprocessing DOM chemistry within the waterbody.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/14490

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