Theses and Dissertations

Author

Hosouk Cho

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Pittman, Charles U.

Committee Member

Toghiani, Hossein

Committee Member

Mead, Keith T.

Committee Member

Koscho, Michael E.

Committee Member

Thomas, Gloria

Date of Degree

1-1-2006

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Major

Organic Chemistry

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Department

Department of Chemistry

Abstract

A new class of organic-inorganic hybrid nanocomposites containing well-defined polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) monomers, which have been copolymerized with organic monomers, were synthesized. Poly(isobutyl methacrylate-co-butanediol dimethacrylate-co-3-methacrylylpropyl-heptaisobutyl(T8)polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane) (P(iBMA-co-BDMA-co-MA-POSS)) nanocomposites with different crosslink densities (BDMA loadings of 1, 3 and 5 wt%) and different MA-POSS percentages (5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 wt%) have been synthesized by radical-initiated terpolymerization. Linear P(iBMA-co-MA-POSS) copolymers were also prepared. Viscoelastic properties and morphologies were studied by DMTA (dynamic mechanical thermal analysis) and TEM (transmission electron microscopy). Two types of inorganic-organic hybrid polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) / vinyl ester (VE) nanocomposites were synthesized. The first type contained a mixture of T8, T10 and T12 cages, each multifunctionalized with 3-methacrylylpropyl groups. The second type contained octa(3-methacrylylpropyldimethylsiloxyl)(T8)POSS. VE/POSS samples with weight ratios of 99/1, 97/3, 95/5, 90/10, 85/15 and 80/20 were prepared of each type. The nanocomposites were characterized by DMTA, TEM, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (X-EDS), swelling, extraction and FT-IR. Three classes of inorganic-organic hybrid phenolic resin/polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) nanocomposites were also synthesized via condensation polymerization. The POSS macromers employed included multifunctional dichloromethylsilylethylheptaisobutyl(T8)POSS, trisilanolheptaphenyl-POSS, and poly(phenylsilsesquioxane) uncured POSS. A nonfunctional octaisobutyl(T8)POSS was blended into the uncured phenolic resin followed by curing under the same conditions as those used for the other three nanocomposites classes. Phenolic/POSS samples with weight ratios of 99/1, 97/3, 95/5 and 90/10 were prepared of each type. Octaaminophenyl(T8)POSS and dodecaaminophenyl(T12)POSS were synthesized, characterized and then incorporated into two types of thermoset resins: (1) the bisphenol-F-based cyanate ester resin, PT-15, and (2) epoxy (Epon 828, Shell Chemical Corp.)/ 4,4?-diaminodiphenylmethane (DDM) resin, respectively, to make two series of nanocomposites. The sum of amino groups in both DDM and POSS were held in a 1:1 mole ratio to the epoxy groups. EPON-828/POSS/DDM (78.63/0/21.37, 77.48/5/17.52, 76.34/10/13.66, 74.05/20/5.95 and 72.28/27.72/0 wt/wt/wt compositions for both series) was prepared. PT-15/POSS composites (99/1, 97/3 and 95/5 wt/wt compositions for both types) were also prepared.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/17335

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