Theses and Dissertations


Varun Chitta

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Walters, D. Keith

Committee Member

Thompson, Scott M.

Committee Member

Bhushan, Shanti

Committee Member

Krishnan, Sundar R.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Mechanical Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering


Modeling of complex flows involving the combined effects of flow transition and streamline curvature using two advanced turbulence models, one in the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) category and the other in the hybrid RANS-Large eddy simulation (LES) category is considered in this research effort. In the first part of the research, a new scalar eddy-viscosity model (EVM) is proposed, designed to exhibit physically correct responses to flow transition, streamline curvature, and system rotation effects. The four equation model developed herein is a curvature-sensitized version of a commercially available three-equation transition-sensitive model. The physical effects of rotation and curvature (RC) enter the model through the added transport equation, analogous to a transverse turbulent velocity scale. The eddy-viscosity has been redefined such that the proposed model is constrained to reduce to the original transition-sensitive model definition in nonrotating flows or in regions with negligible RC effects. In the second part of the research, the developed four-equation model is combined with a LES technique using a new hybrid modeling framework, dynamic hybrid RANS-LES. The new framework is highly generalized, allowing coupling of any desired LES model with any given RANS model and addresses several deficiencies inherent in most current hybrid models. In the present research effort, the DHRL model comprises of the proposed four-equation model for RANS component and the MILES scheme for LES component. Both the models were implemented into a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver and tested on a number of engineering and generic flow problems. Results from both the RANS and hybrid models show successful resolution of the combined effects of transition and curvature with reasonable engineering accuracy, and for only a small increase in computational cost. In addition, results from the hybrid model indicate significant levels of turbulent fluctuations in the flowfield, improved accuracy compared to RANS models predictions, and are obtained at a significant reduction of computational cost compared to full LES models. The results suggest that the advanced turbulence modeling techniques presented in this research effort have potential as practical tools for solving low/high Re flows over blunt/curved bodies for the prediction of transition and RC effects.