Author

Debisree Ray

Advisor

Afanasjev, Anatoli

Committee Member

Dutta, Dipangkar

Committee Member

Moong, Gautam R.L.T.

Committee Member

Winger, Jeffry A.

Committee Member

Koshka, Yaroslav

Date of Degree

1-1-2017

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Major

Physics and Astronomy

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

College

James Worth Bagley College of Engineering

Department

Department of Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Covariant density functional theory (CDFT) is a modern theoretical tool for the description of nuclear structure physics. Here different physical properties of the ground and excited states in atomic nuclei have been investigated within the CDFT framework employing three major classes of the state-of-the-art covariant energy density functionals. The global performance of CEDFs for even-even nuclei are investigated and the systematic theoretical uncertainties are estimated within the set of four CEDFs in known regions of the nuclear chart and their propagation towards the neutron drip line. Large-scale axial relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov (RHB) calculations are performed for even-even nuclei to calculate different ground state observabvles. The predictions for the two-neutron drip line are also compared in a systematic way with the non-relativistic results. CDFT has been applied for systematic study of extremely deformed, rotating N ∼ Z nuclei of the A ∼ 40 mass region. At spin zero such structures are located at high energies which prevents their experimental observation. The rotation acts as a tool to bring these exotic shapes down to the yrast line so that their observation could become possible with a future generation detectors such as GRETA or AGATA. The major physical observables of such structures, the underlying single-particle structure and the spins at which they become yrast or near yrast are defined. The search for the fingerprints of clusterization and molecular structures is performed and the configurations with such features are discussed. CDFT has been applied to study fission barriers of superheavy nuclei and related systematic theoretical uncertainties in the predictions of inner fission barrier heights in superheavy elements. Systematic uncertainties are substantial in superheavy elements and their behavior as a function of proton and neutron numbers contains a large random component. The benchmarking of the functionals to the experimental data on fission barriers in the actinides allows reduction of the systematic theoretical uncertainties for the inner fission barriers of unknown superheavy elements. However, even then they on average increase when moving away from the region where benchmarking has been performed.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/17568

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