Candy Grant


Jagger, Carla B.

Committee Member

Swortzel, Kirk A.

Committee Member

Peterson, Donna J.

Committee Member

Seal, Susan D.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


While empirical research abounds for ways to develop cultural competence, studies are scarce in how to track its growth in students. This study utilized a non-equivalent control group design to propose tracking growth using cultural competence mini lessons, self-assessment of cultural competency, and the Global Perspectives Inventory (GPI; Research Institute for Studies in Education, 2017). Data collected were used to align students along the levels of Cross’s Cultural Competency Continuum (; Cross, 2012). Forty-one (41) students enrolled in a multidisciplinary teaching methods course served as the study participants. Paired samples t-tests were conducted using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS v. 26) to track changes in pre-/post- scores. A significant difference was found for the self-ratings of the treatment group between the pretest (M = 6.75, SD = 2.15) and the posttest (M = 8.00, SD = 1.08, t(19) = -2.52, p = .02). Significant differences were also found for treatment group for the GPI Identity (Ident) scale between the pretest (M = 4.28, SD = .37) and the posttest (M = 4.46, SD = .45 t(19) = -2.22, p = .04), and for the Social Responsibility (SocRes) scale between the pretest (M = 3.44, SD = .35) and the posttest (M = 3.61, SD = .39, t(19) = -2.74, p = .01). Results suggest the use of mini lessons as one way to promote cultural competence development. Utilizing Cross’s to track growth resulted in misalignment between participants’ self-ratings and placement into one of Cross’s levels for both the comparison and treatment groups. Cross-cultural experiences were also examined, with interactions with people from other cultures (29.3%) and traveling abroad (21.9%) as the most reported. Implications and suggestions for future research are also discussed.