Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Ferguson, Jason Connor

Committee Member

Reynolds, Daniel B.

Committee Member

Kruger, Greg R.

Committee Member

Irby, Jon Trenton

Date of Degree

12-14-2018

Original embargo terms

Worldwide

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Major

Plant and Soil Sciences

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Department

Department of Plant and Soil Sciences

Abstract

Field studies conducted in Missouri and Mississippi, in 2017 and 2018, respectively, indicated no droplet size effect on PRE herbicide efficacy, regardless of the herbicide, weed, soil, crop residue and weather conditions during spraying. Nozzle type enhanced herbicide efficacy for one location and herbicide. The TTI60 dual fan nozzle increased pendimethalin weed control, up to 91%, in a high organic matter (OM) soil with large clods and substantial weed pressure. Pendimethalin efficacy was reduced under high OM soils (> 2%) while metribuzin efficacy was reduced under low OM (< 0.7%), low cation exchange capacity (<13.1%) soils and 12.2 mm of rain three days after application. The greenhouse studies indicated that increasing crop residue levels reduced velvetleaf control by 7%. Simulated rainfall eight days after herbicide application decreased johnsongrass dry weight reductions by 29% in comparison to two day rainfall.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/18739

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