Mississippi State University
Dodds, Darrin M.
Krutz, L. Jason
Catchot L. Angus, Jr.
Irby, Trenton J.
Jenkins, N. Johnie
Date of Degree
Dissertation - Open Access
Plant and Soil Sciences (Agronomy)
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences
Through proper irrigation scheduling and management of damaged cotton, sustainable agricultural withdrawal from the Mississippi River Valley Alluvial Aquifer can be achieved while maximizing net returns. This research was conducted to 1) develop a sensor based irrigation strategy that maximized cotton lint yield and quality, irrigation, and water use efficiency (IWUE) and 2) quantify the effects of timing of damage, intensity, and foliar N on cotton growth and development. Lint yield, fiber quality, and IWUE were optimized using a season-long irrigation threshold of -90 kPa and irrigation terminated 2-weeks before cracked boll. Regardless of cotton variety (early- or late-maturing) or timing of damage, plant height, number of nodes, and lint yield were negatively correlated with the intensity of damage. Moreover, the application of foliar nitrogen to damaged cotton had no effect on plant growth, lint yield, or fiber quality, regardless of N application timing. These data indicate that lint yield, and fiber quality are optimized when cotton varieties are selected based on yield potential, irrigated at -90 kPa threshold, and irrigations are terminated two weeks before cracked boll.
Plumblee, Michael Thomas, "Effects of Irrigation Scheduling using Soil Moisture Sensors, Irrigation Termination, and Simulated Damage on Plant Development and Yield on Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.) in the Mid-South" (2018). Theses and Dissertations. 1761.