Banicescu, Ioana

Committee Member

Yuan, Changhe

Committee Member

Luke, Edward Allen

Committee Member

Allen, Edward B.

Committee Member

Abdelwahed, Sherif

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Recent developments in the field of parallel and distributed computing has led to a proliferation of solving large and computationally intensive mathematical, science, or engineering problems, that consist of several parallelizable parts and several non-parallelizable (sequential) parts. In a parallel and distributed computing environment, the performance goal is to optimize the execution of parallelizable parts of an application on concurrent processors. This requires efficient application scheduling and resource allocation for mapping applications to a set of suitable parallel processors such that the overall performance goal is achieved. However, such computational environments are often prone to unpredictable variations in application (problem and algorithm) and system characteristics. Therefore, a robustness study is required to guarantee a desired level of performance. Given an initial workload, a mapping of applications to resources is considered to be robust if that mapping optimizes execution performance and guarantees a desired level of performance in the presence of unpredictable perturbations at runtime. In this research, a stochastic process algebra, Performance Evaluation Process Algebra (PEPA), is used for obtaining resource allocations via a numerical analysis of performance modeling of the parallel execution of applications on parallel computing resources. The PEPA performance model is translated into an underlying mathematical Markov chain model for obtaining performance measures. Further, a robustness analysis of the allocation techniques is performed for finding a robustmapping from a set of initial mapping schemes. The numerical analysis of the performance models have confirmed similarity with the simulation results of earlier research available in existing literature. When compared to direct experiments and simulations, numerical models and the corresponding analyses are easier to reproduce, do not incur any setup or installation costs, do not impose any prerequisites for learning a simulation framework, and are not limited by the complexity of the underlying infrastructure or simulation libraries.