Theses and Dissertations


Chenbo Wang

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Silva, Juan L.

Committee Member

White, Charles H.

Committee Member

Schilling, M. Wes

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion

Degree Name

Master of Science


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion


A bifidobacteria mix (nine strains) was evaluated for its effect on the growth and survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (ATCC 43890) in 11% NFDM and MRS broth under the optimum growth conditions for E. coli O157:H7 growth (37¡ãC, aerobic). Preliminary experiments were conducted to obtain the growth curves of the 9 strains of bifidobacteria and E. coli O157:H7 and confirm the inhibitory effect of acidity on E. coli O157:H7 (pH of media adjusted to 3.8). Acidapted E. coli O157:H7 showed no difference in resistance toward bifidobacteria (P>0.05) when compared to the non-acid adapted one. Escherichia coli O157:H7 did not survive in the supernatant of the bifodbacteria mix collected after incubation (37¡ãC) with aerobic shaking (8 h). However, the pathogen was able to grow after the pH of the supernatant was adjusted to 6.50 (pH of fresh MRS broth). Results suggest that a high content of bifidobacteria has a strong inhibitory effect on E. coli O157:H7, in part due to the low pH. However, products from bifidobacteria may also exert inhibitory effects.