Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Rais-Rohani, Masoud

Committee Member

Bammann, Douglas J.

Committee Member

Marin, Esteban B.

Committee Member

Oppenheimer, Seth F.

Committee Member

Haupt, Tomasz

Date of Degree

1-1-2012

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Abstract

Phenomenological material models such as Johnson-Cook plasticity are often used in finite element simulations of large deformation processes at different strain rates and temperatures. Since the material constants that appear in such models depend on the material, experimental data, fitting method, as well as the mathematical representation of strain rate and temperature effects, the predicted material behavior is subject to uncertainty. In this dissertation, evidence theory is used for modeling uncertainty in the material constants, which is represented by separate belief structures that are combined into a joint belief structure and propagated using impact loading simulation of structures. Yager’s rule is used for combining evidence obtained from more than one source. Uncertainty is quantified using belief, plausibility, and plausibility-decision functions. An evidence-based design optimization (EBDO) approach is presented where the nondeterministic response functions are expressed using evidential reasoning. The EBDO approach accommodates field material uncertainty in addition to the embedded uncertainty in the material constants. This approach is applied to EBDO of an externally stiffened circular tube under axial impact load with and without consideration of material field uncertainty caused by spatial variation of material uncertainties due to manufacturing effects. Surrogate models are developed for approximation of structural response functions and uncertainty propagation. The EBDO example problem is solved using genetic algorithms. The uncertainty modeling and EBDO results are presented and discussed.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/20522

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