Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Eakin, Deborah K.

Committee Member

Bradshaw, Gary L.

Committee Member

Moss, Jarrod

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Applied Psychology

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


College of Arts and Sciences


Department of Psychology


Metamemory is “knowing about knowing” (Flavell, 1971) and is theorized as a cognitive process that monitors and controls the memory system (Flavell & Wellman, 1975; Nelson & Narens, 1990). The predominate finding in the metamemory and aging literature is that metamemory is unimpaired by aging, even when memory is impaired by aging (Eakin & Hertzog, 2006; 2012; Connor, Hertzog, & Dunlosky, 1997; Hertzog, Sinclair, & Dunlosky, 2010; Eakin, Hertzog, & Harris, 2014, but see Souchay, Moulin, Clarys, Taconnat, & Isingrini, 2007). However, a study examining metamemory for emotional words suggests older adults may show metamemory impairment when predicting memory for emotional words (Tauber & Dunlosky, 2012). This finding challenges the supposition that metamemory is unimpaired with aging. The purpose of the current study was to expand on the results from Tauber and Dunlosky (2012) to determine whether their findings were due to methodological issues rather than age-related deficits in metamemory.