Newman, James C., Jr.

Committee Member

Sullivan, Warsi Rani

Committee Member

Lacy, Thomas E.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Surface-crack configurations are among the most important crack problems in the aerospace industry. The residual strength of a surface-cracked component is complicated by three-dimensional variation of the stress-intensity factor around the crack front and plastic deformations, which vary from plane stress at the free boundary, to nearly plane-strain behavior in the interior. In 1973, a two-parameter fracture criterion (TPFC) was developed to analyze fracture behavior of surface-crack configurations. Estimates were made around the crack front for fracture initiation—the critical parametric angle. Recently, NASA developed the Tool for Analysis of Surface Cracks (TASC) software that predicts critical location. This thesis is the application of the TPFC with the TASC critical angles using an equation developed from the TASC software. The TPFC was applied to three materials: a brittle titanium alloy, a ductile titanium alloy, and a ductile 301 stainless steel. The TPFC with the TASC critical angles correlated fracture behaviors well.