Mississippi State University
Byrd, Sylvia H.
Fountain, Brent J.
Buys, David R.
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion
Obesity is considered an epidemic and a precursor for many diseases. Children from lower income families are more likely to be obese, however previous studies on differences in child dietary intake based on parental income show mixed results. This study used NHANES 2005-2010 data to examine reported food consumption of children ages 6 to 11. Comparisons were made between children (n = 1433) of lower income parents (PIR <= 1.85) and children (n = 1162) of higher income parents (PIR > 1.85). Variables included total fruit and vegetable intake, total energy, food groups, oils, fiber, total sugar, added sugars and solid fats. SUDAAN was used to analyze data and differences were significant at p < 0.05. Regression model indicated head of household education but not family income was positively associated with greater total fruit and vegetable intake. Minimal intake differences were found between income groups
Willcutt, Samantha Ann, "Head of Household Socioeconomic Status Effect on Dietary Intake of Children" (2016). Theses and Dissertations. 2468.