Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Byrd, Sylvia H.

Committee Member

Fountain, Brent J.

Committee Member

Buys, David R.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion


Obesity is considered an epidemic and a precursor for many diseases. Children from lower income families are more likely to be obese, however previous studies on differences in child dietary intake based on parental income show mixed results. This study used NHANES 2005-2010 data to examine reported food consumption of children ages 6 to 11. Comparisons were made between children (n = 1433) of lower income parents (PIR <= 1.85) and children (n = 1162) of higher income parents (PIR > 1.85). Variables included total fruit and vegetable intake, total energy, food groups, oils, fiber, total sugar, added sugars and solid fats. SUDAAN was used to analyze data and differences were significant at p < 0.05. Regression model indicated head of household education but not family income was positively associated with greater total fruit and vegetable intake. Minimal intake differences were found between income groups