Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Horstemeyer, Mark

Committee Member

Walters, D. Keith

Committee Member

Bammann, Douglas

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Mechanical Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering


In this study, impact craters in water ice are modeled using the hydrodynamic code CTH. In order to capture impact craters in ice an equation of state and a material model are created and validated. The validation of the material model required simulating the Split Pressure Hopkinson Bar (SPHB) experimental apparatus. The SPHB simulation was first compared to experiments completed on Al 6061-T6, then the ice material model was validated. After validation, the cratering simulations modeled known experiments found in the literature. The cratering simulations captured the bulk physical aspects of the experimental craters, and the differences are described. Analysis of the crater simulations showed the damaged volume produced by the projectile was proportional to the projectile’s momentum. Also, the identification of four different stages in the crater development of ice (contact and compression, initial damage progression, crater shaping, and ejected damaged material) are described.