Advisor

Hill, Donald O.

Committee Member

Toghiani, Hossein

Committee Member

George, Clifford E.

Committee Member

Jefcoat, Irvin A.

Date of Degree

1-1-2003

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

College of Engineering

Department

Dave C. Swalm School of Chemical Engineering

Abstract

The influence of Al 3+ on the anaerobic treatment of a poultry slaughterhouse wastewater was studied in this work. The soluble COD (SCOD), volatile acid (VA) concentrations, and methane yield values were measured and compared for zero, 15, and 40 ppm Al 3+ runs. Methane yields of 55.4, 144.2, and 215.4 ml CH4/g. COD for zero, 15, and 40 ppm Al 3+ concentrations, respectively, were observed. Furthermore, SCOD and VAs were not detectable in the reactor that was seeded with 40 ppm Al 3+. It was concluded that inhibitory effects of long chain fatty acids (LCFAs) on aceticlastic methanogens were reduced by aluminum ion. This conclusion was also corroborated by a new mathematical model for estimating the Monod parameters developed in this work. The main characteristic of this new model is that estimated parameters must satisfy some restrictions, which provides consistency for the estimated parameters.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/20297

Comments

slaughterhouse wastewater||poultry||aluminum||Monod parameters||anaerobic treatment

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