Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Stratton-Gadke, Kasee K.

Committee Member

Gadke, Daniel L.

Committee Member

Wei, Tianlan (Elaine)

Committee Member

Justice, Cheryl A.

Date of Degree


Original embargo terms

Visible to MSU only for 1 year

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


School Psychology

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


College of Education


Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology and Foundations


This study examines how perceptions of various challenges of international students in professional psychology, from different regions in the world, differed from pre to post enrolment. While previous studies have explored challenges for this population in isolation, this study explored multiple domains of challenges such as language and academics, culture, finances, mentoring and supervision, and career opportunities. The comprehensive survey was distributed to Directors of Clinical Training in APA accredited clinical, counseling, school, and combined psychology programs. Results from study indicated students experienced significant challenges in the financial domain from pre to post enrollment which continued to increase over time. Although not significant, challenges in career opportunities also increased overtime and remained to be the most challenging domain pre and post enrolment. Additional findings indicated that the greatest number of participants in clinical, counseling, and school psychology programs were from the Western Pacific region. Other questions are also examined in this study that generate critical implications to training programs to modify their recruitment strategies with hopes of increasing the representation of racial, ethnic, and linguistic diversity in training programs.



International Students||Clinical Psychology||Counseling Psychology||School Psychology||Challenges