Singh, Jagdish P.
Monts, David L.
Su, Chun Fu
Yueh, Fang Yu
Other Advisors or Committee Members
Date of Degree
Dissertation - Open Access
Doctor of Philosophy
College of Arts and Sciences
Department of Physics and Astronomy
Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was tested to examine its applicability to remote and in suit analysis in inaccessible situation. Two types of liquid sample (slurry) prepared for simulating vitrification of liquid hazardous wastes was tested. In situ analysis ability makes the LIBS technique practical for analysis of the slurry samples during vitrification, which is in inaccessible situation. For the first slurry sample, two slurry circulation systems were devised to overcome major technical problems associated with LIBS measurements of slurry samples - namely sedimentation and change in the lens-to-sample distance (L.T.S.D) during measurement. The second slurry sample contained less water and is able to be managed in a small glass container during test. We applied direct analysis of slurry sample filled in glass container. Spectroscopic analysis was performed using two different detection systems: Czerny-Turner and Echelle spectrometer systems. In particular, spectroscopic analysis of data from an echelle spectrometer shows the high efficiency for simultaneously determining physical quantities of all elements of interest. We also evaluate LIBS technique to tin alloy samples for the purpose of quantitative analysis by using Echelle spectrometer system. Unknown samples without information of elemental composition were tested to estimate several sample compositions simultaneously. An artificial neural network, calibration method, and chemical analysis were applied to estimate the elemental concentrations of impurities in tin (Sn) alloy.
Oh, Seong Yong, "Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Investigation Of Line Profiles, Slurries And Artifical [Sic] Neural Network Prediction" (2007). Theses and Dissertations MSU. 2924.