Title

Manifestations of Arthritis Through Time: Effects of Modes of Subsistence, Sex and Age in the Prehistoric Mid-South

Advisor

Rafferty, Janet E.

Committee Member

Peacock, Evan

Committee Member

Herrmann, Nicholas P.

Committee Member

Hogue, S. Homes

Date of Degree

1-1-2012

Original embargo terms

MSU Only Indefinitely

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Arts

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Department

Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures

Abstract

This thesis tracks how osteoarthritis appeared among prehistoric human populations, and how it changed through time. By examining these changes, information was provided about food acquisition and preparation activities in northwestern Alabama and northeastern Mississippi, from the Archaic period (B.P. 12650-5600) through the Protohistoric (A.D. 1550-1750) Osteoarthritis was also examined to determine whether a sexual division of labor existed among prehistoric populations from these same areas. Individuals from three specific occupations were analyzed: Dust Cave (1LU496), Lyon’s Bluff (22OK520), and Rolling Hills sites (22OK509, 22OK593, 22OK595). Using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test and logistic regression to find and assess patterns, this study showed that arthritis increased in severity, at a given age, among the Archaic males and the Mississippian/ Protohistoric females. Namely, male individuals from Dust Cave and female individuals from Lyon’s Bluff / Rolling Hills developed osteoarthritis earlier and to a greater degree of severity.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/20712

Comments

arthritis||prehistoric

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