El Kadiri, Haitham
Date of Degree
Dissertation - Open Access
Doctor of Philosophy
The aim of this PhD thesis is to incorporate deformation twinning in a fullield viscoplastic crystal plasticity model based on fast Fourier transform in an effort to gain insights into its role on strain localization. This work is motivated by current experimental evidences on the important role that dislocation reactions at the twin interface play on damage initiation in materials during plastic deformation. We began first by investigating the role of slip on stress localization. To this end, we simulated the effect of macroscopic deformation path, which dictates a macroscopic stress state, as well as pre-existing microstructure in typical ferritic steel, where plastic deformation is accommodated by slip mechanism. The results show that the width of localized strain rate regions near grain boundaries is a function of the deformation path, and there is a positive correlation between local Taylor factor and local stress field, which slightly depends on deformation path. For the incorporation of mechanical twinning in twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steel, we implemented predominant reorientation scheme (PTR) in vpFFT, which was implemented previously in the mean field VPSC. The comparison between experimental and simulation results indicates that twin volume fraction, final texture, and stress-strain curve were satisfactorily predicted. Despite that predominant twin reorientation scheme was not suitable to capture lamellar shape of twins in the microstructure, twin domains were predicted to form and grow at or close to grain boundary regions. Finally, we surveyed current literature, which aimed at capturing the characteristic lamellar morphology of twins. Literature review shows several unsuccessful crystal plasticity simulations in capturing twin nucleation and twin lamellar shape at measocale. These inabilities can be attributed to i) twin nucleation that is controlled by local atomistic configurations and stress fluctuations at the grain boundaries, and ii) the random or stochastic nature of twin nucleation, which has been proved by EBSD observation. Based on the EBSD observations, twin nucleation depends on both microstructural (e.g, grain size, dislocation density) and loading conditions ( e.g, stress, strain). Furthermore, the propensity, frequency, and morphology of deformation twins are different among grain with the same orientation and applied boundary conditions.
Tari, Vahid, "Mesoscale Full Field Modeling of Stress Localization in Polycrystalline Materials Deforming by Both Slip and Twin" (2015). Theses and Dissertations MSU. 3067.