Theses and Dissertations


Caiping Wei

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Ambinakudige, Shrinidhi

Committee Member

Dixon, P. Grady

Committee Member

Sherman-Morris, Kathleen

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Science


College of Arts and Sciences


Department of Geosciences


Tornadoes are one of the most frequent and destructive disasters in the United States. Like other environmental calamities, tornadoes too act as push factors for migration. The objectives of this study are to define tornado hot spots in the US, to analyze migration effectiveness in the tornado hot spots and non-hot spots, and to explore how tornado and other socio-economic factors influence migration decision. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used. Internal revenue service migration data, SPC tornado data, and Census Bureau data were used in the study. The results indicate that there are significant differences between migration patterns in the tornado hot spots and rest of the country: tornado hot spots are losing population to other regions. The results also indicated that along with the traditional socio-economic push and pull factors of migration, tornado occurrences also influenced people’s migration decision in the United States.



Migration effectiveness||Tornado||Hot spots||Internal Migration