Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Schulz, Noel N.

Committee Member

Follett, Randolph F.

Committee Member

Ginn, Herbert L., III

Committee Member

Grzybowski, Stan

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Electrical Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Restoration entails the development of a plan consisting of opening or closing of switches, which is called reconfiguration. This dissertation proposes the design of a fast and efficient service restoration with a load shedding method for land-based and ship systems, considering priority of customers and several other system operating constraints. Existing methods, based on centralized restoration schemes that require a powerful central computer, may lead to a single point of failure. This research uses a decentralized scheme based on agents. A group of agents created to realize a specific goal by their interactions is called a Multi-Agent System (MAS). Agents and their behaviors are developed in Java Agent DEvelopment Framework (JADE) and the power system is simulated in the Virtual Test Bed (VTB). The large-scale introduction of Distributed Generators (DGs) in distribution systems has made it increasingly necessary to develop restoration schemes considering DG. The separation of utility causes the system to decompose into electrically isolated islands with generation and load imbalance that can have severe consequences. Automated load shedding schemes are essential for systems with DGs, since the disconnection of the utility can lead to instability much faster than an operator intervention can repair. Load shedding may be the only option to maintain the island when conditions are so severe as to require correction by restoration schemes. Few algorithms have been reported for the problem of maintaining the island, even though load shedding has been reported for power systems using underrequency and under-voltage criteria. This research proposes a new operational strategy for sudden generator-load imbalance due to loss of utility that dynamically calculates the quantity of load to be shed for each island and the quantity of load that can be restored. Results presented in this dissertation are among the first to demonstrate a state-of-the-art MAS for load shedding under islanded conditions and restoration of the shed loads. The load shedding and restoration schemes developed here have behaviors that can incorporate most of the distribution topologies. Achieving service restoration with DG is complicated but new automated switch technologies and communications make MAS a better scheme than existing schemes.



Multi-Agent System (MAS)||Decentralized Solution||Intelligent Agents||Islanding||Restoration