White, Thomas D.
Costley, Richard Daniel, Jr.
Gullet, Philip M.
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
The Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) method traditionally uses an array of collinear vertical geophones to measure seismic wave propagation velocity at discrete points along the ground surface. Distributed fiber optic sensors (FOS) measure the average longitudinal strain over discrete lengths (i.e., zones) of a buried fiber optic cable. Such strain measurements can be used to assess ground motion and thus analyzed with the MASW method. To evaluate the feasibility of using FOS strain measurements in the MASW method, field experiments were conducted with both FOS and surface vertical geophones. Synthetic seismograms were also used to compare FOS to vertical and horizontal geophones and investigate the effect of installation depth and sensor type. Through the MASW method, shear wave (Vs) profiles from the FOS showed comparable results to those obtained with the geophones and achieved the same degree of uncertainty from the non-uniqueness of the MASW inversion process.
Galanomas, Gustavo, "Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves Using Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors" (2015). Theses and Dissertations MSU. 3219.