Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Horstemeyer, Mark F.

Committee Member

Bammann, Doug J.

Committee Member

Berry, John T.

Committee Member

Gullett, Phillip M.

Committee Member

Luck, Rogelio

Other Advisors or Committee Members

Daniewicz, Steven R.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Mechanical Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering


Many experiments demonstrate that the effects of hydrogen solutes decrease macroscopic fracture stresses and strains in ductile materials. Hydrogen-related failures have occurred in nearly all industries involving hydrogen-producing environments. The financial losses incurred from those failures reaches millions if not billions of dollars annually. With the ever-urgent needs for alternative energy sources, there is a strong push for a hydrogen economy from government and private sectors. Safe storage and transportation of hydrogen increases the momentum for studying hydrogen-related failures, especially in ductile materials. To quantify ductile material damage with the effects of hydrogen embrittlement, it is necessary to add hydrogen effects into the void nucleation, void growth, and void coalescence equations. In this research, hydrogen-enhanced void nucleation is our focus, with hydrogen-enhanced void growth and void coalescence t be studied in the future. Molecular Dynamic (MD) and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations with Embedded Atom Method (EAM) potentials were performed to study how hydrogen affects dislocation nucleation, dislocation structure formation and nanovoid nucleation at nickel grain boundaries. The results were inserted into the continuum void nucleation model by Horstemeyer and Gokhale, and the relationships between stress triaxiality-driven void nucleation, grain boundary hydrogen concentrations and local grain geometries were extracted. MD and MC simulations with EAM potentials were also performed to study how hydrogen interstitials affect the dislocation nucleation, dislocation structure formation and subsequent anovoid nucleation of single crystal nickel in different hydrogen-charging conditions. Evolutions of dislocation structures of nickel single crystal with different hydrogen concentrations were compared. The effects of nanovoid nucleation stress and strain at different hydrogen concentrations were quantified. The results were also inserted into the Horstemeyer and Gokhale model and the relationship between stress triaxiality-driven void nucleation and hydrogen concentration caused by stress gradient, which showed similar trends as the grain boundary studies. From nanoscale studies and existing experimental observations, a continuum void nucleation model with hydrogen effects was proposed and used in a continuum damage model based upon Bammann and coworkers. The damage model was implemented into user material code in FEA code ABAQUS. Finite element analyses were performed and the results were compared to the experimental data by Kwon and Asaro.



hydrogen||void nucleation||multiscale modeling||Metals--Fracture.||Metals--Hydrogen embrittlement.||Nucleation.||Molecular dynamics--Computer simulations.