Advisor

Hodges, Julia E.

Committee Member

Bridges, Susan M.

Committee Member

Perkins, Andy D.

Committee Member

McCarthy, Fiona M.

Committee Member

Ramkumar, Mahalingam

Date of Degree

1-1-2012

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Major

Computer Science

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

College

James Worth Bagley College of Engineering

Department

Department of Computer Science and Engineering

Abstract

The wide spread use of ontologies in many scientific areas creates a wealth of ontologyannotated data and necessitates the development of ontology-based data mining algorithms. We have developed generalization and mining algorithms for discovering cross-ontology relationships via ontology-based data mining. We present new interestingness measures to evaluate the discovered cross-ontology relationships. The methods presented in this dissertation employ generalization as an ontology traversal technique for the discovery of interesting and informative relationships at multiple levels of abstraction between concepts from different ontologies. The generalization algorithms combine ontological annotations with the structure and semantics of the ontologies themselves to discover interesting crossontology relationships. The first algorithm uses the depth of ontological concepts as a guide for generalization. The ontology annotations are translated to higher levels of abstraction one level at a time accompanied by incremental association rule mining. The second algorithm conducts a generalization of ontology terms to all their ancestors via transitive ontology relations and then mines cross-ontology multi-level association rules from the generalized transactions. Our interestingness measures use implicit knowledge conveyed by the relation semantics of the ontologies to capture the usefulness of cross-ontology relationships. We describe the use of information theoretic metrics to capture the interestingness of cross-ontology relationships and the specificity of ontology terms with respect to an annotation dataset. Our generalization and data mining agorithms are applied to the Gene Ontology and the postnatal Mouse Anatomy Ontology. The results presented in this work demonstrate that our generalization algorithms and interestingness measures discover more interesting and better quality relationships than approaches that do not use generalization. Our algorithms can be used by researchers and ontology developers to discover inter-ontology connections. Additionally, the cross-ontology relationships discovered using our algorithms can be used by researchers to understand different aspects of entities that interest them.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/18924

Comments

association rule mining||cross-ontology data mining||interestingness measures||gene ontology||anatomy ontology

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