Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Hare, R. Dwight

Committee Member

Lindley, Cindy

Committee Member

Brocato, Donna

Committee Member

Davis, James

Committee Member

Watson, Joshua

Date of Degree


Original embargo terms

MSU Only Indefinitely

Document Type

Dissertation - Campus Access Only


Elementary, Middle, and Secondary Education Administration

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


College of Education


Department of Leadership and Foundations


The call for reform to raise student achievement has required educators, school leaders, and researchers to look for new methods to improve the learning process. One method used increasingly is block scheduling. Block scheduling is the restructuring of the school day into classes much longer than the traditional 50-55 minute class period. The purpose of this study was to determine high school principals’ and teachers’ perceptions of block scheduling in Mississippi high schools in three areas: achievement, attendance, and discipline. Many theorists believe that a person’s perceptions form the basis of reality for that person. If a teacher believes that block scheduling is effective, then for them, it is effective. Because some theorists believe that there is little to be gained from general studies that compare the objective results of block scheduling with the objective results of traditional scheduling since these comparisons have shown mixed results, this study addressed the social validity of block scheduling which is the extent to which participants perceive the worthiness of block scheduling. The research design used in this study was a cross sectional survey design. A researcher-developed survey instrument was used to collect data from teachers and principals in Mississippi high schools that had implemented block scheduling in the last 5 years. A total of 22 schools were used for the study. A 5 point Likert-type scale was used to measure respondents’ perceptions of the effectiveness of block scheduling on the three areas. While both principals and teachers appeared to have positive perceptions of the impact block scheduling has on student achievement, discipline, and attendance, principals had a more positive perception than teachers in all three areas. Both groups appeared to believe that student discipline was the most positively affected area, while attendance was the least positively affected. Recommendations based upon the findings of this study included conducting: (a) studies that include a larger sample of principals, (b) studies that identify student perceptions of block scheduling, and (c) studies to determine how important staff development is when implementing block scheduling.



block scheduling||perceptions