Mississippi State University
Allen, Peter J.
Colvin, Michael E.
Mischke, Charles C.
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Wildlife, Fisheries and Aquaculture
Master of Science
College of Forest Resources
Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Aquaculture
White Crappie (Pomoxis annularis) and Black Crappie (P. nigromaculatus) are popular North American gamefish; however, frequent fluctuations in year class strength present a management challenge for recreational fisheries. Intensive aquaculture production has the potential to address this challenge through controlled hatchery reproduction for supplemental stocking, but further study is needed to refine and optimize techniques. Therefore, this study evaluated the effects of hormone injection timing on latency period and spawning success, examined effective cryopreservation techniques for black-stripe Black Crappie sperm (a preferred hatchery phenotype), and compared simulated spring duration on out-of-season spawning success. Latency period for White Crappie did not depend on the diel time of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone injection. Cryopreservation of black-stripe Black Crappie sperm and subsequent fertilization of White Crappie eggs was more effective using 5% dimethyl-sulfoxide than 10% methanol. A longer duration at final spring spawning conditions (3 vs. 2 weeks) increased egg fertilization in out-of-season spawning experiments.
Shirley, Christian A., "Refining Spawning Protocols for Crappie" (2018). Theses and Dissertations. 3751.