Advisor

Eamon, Christopher D.

Committee Member

Rais-Rohani, Masoud

Committee Member

Cole, Harry

Date of Degree

1-1-2004

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Major

Civil Engineering

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

James Worth Bagley College of Engineering

Department

Department of Civil Engineering

Abstract

A reliability-based optimization (RBO) methodology was developed and applied to fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) bridge decks. Commercially available software was used to optimize a FRP bridge deck panel by weight with structural reliability, stress, and deflection constraints. A methodology using optimization software, finite element analysis, and probabilistic analysis software was developed to examine the effects of load and resistance uncertainties in FRP bridge deck optimization. Eight modular deck designs were considered for use in the RBO methodology. Investigations into random variable sensitivities, design variable sensitivities, wheel positions, and buckling were conducted to minimize computational effort. Five models were eventually optimized with deterministic methods and the RBO methodology. Ply thicknesses were treated as design variables. Material parameters, design variables, and load were taken as random variables in the reliability calculations. A comparison of RBO designs was made with the best candidate chosen based on deck panel weight.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/19667

Comments

probability of failure||sandwich panel

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