Title

Removal of Insensitive Munitions Compounds from Water Solutions Via Chitin- And Chitosan-Based Materials

Advisor

Gude, Veera Gnaneswar

Committee Member

Truax, Dennis D.

Committee Member

Magbanua, Benjamin S., Jr.

Committee Member

Griggs, Christopher

Date of Degree

1-1-2017

Original embargo terms

MSU Only Indefinitely

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Major

Environmental Engineering

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

James Worth Bagley College of Engineering

Department

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Abstract

This research presents a critical evaluation of chitin- and chitosan-based materials as innovative treatment alternatives for water contaminated with insensitive munitions (IMs) compounds. Specifically, chitin, chitosan, amineunctionalized chitin (AFC) were evaluated for adsorptive removal of these compounds. Cellulose and cellulose triacetate were evaluated for adsorptive performance for comparison. Chitosan-graphene oxide (CSGO) composite membranes were evaluated for removal via adsorption and filtration and compared against nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes in the current market. Insensitive munitions evaluated include nitrotriazolone (NTO), nitroguanidine (NQ), and 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN); 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) was also studied as a traditional munition for comparison. AFC is an effective adsorbent for NTO, DNAN, and TNT. Cellulose triacetate was the only commercially available biopolymer adsorbent effective at removing munitions compounds from solution; only DNAN and TNT were removed. CSGO membranes effectively removed NTO, DNAN, and TNT, but removal performance degraded with time. Overall, this research shows that the materials studied are viable options for removing IM and traditional munitions from water.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/18566

Comments

Meisenheimer complex||polysaccharide||cellulose acetate||amine||adsorption||water treatment

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