Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Reddy, Raja K.

Committee Member

Walker, Timothy W.

Committee Member

Redoña, Edilberto.

Committee Member

Henry, W. Brien

Date of Degree

1-1-2016

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Major

Agronomy

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Department

Department of Plant and Soil Sciences

Abstract

Drought is the major environmental factor affecting crop growth, yield and quality. Two experiments were conducted to understand rice genotypic variability responses to drought stress conditions during seed germination and early-seedling growth. In Experiment I, the influence of wide range of osmotic stress on seed germination properties of 15 rice cultivars were studied using polyethylene glycol media. In Experiment II, seedling morph-physiological parameters including root traits were quantified by subjecting rice seedlings to three different soil moisture treatments, 100, 66 and 33% field capacity. Rice cultivars differed in their response to drought at both the stages. Cultivars were classified into different drought tolerant groups based cumulative drought response indices. Based on seed- and early-season growth and developmental responses, RU1104122, Rex, CL111 and RU1304154 were identified as drought tolerant among the rice cultivars tested. The identified tolerant cultivars will be a source for rice breeders to develop new drought tolerant cultivars.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/16705

Comments

seed germination||root traits||rice||polyethylene glycol||osmotic potential||morpho-physiological parameters||field capacity||drought||Cumulative drought response index

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