Mississippi State University
Jones, Bryan A
Morris, Thomas H
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAVs) provide a highly capable, agile platform, ideally suited for intelligence/surveillance/reconnaissance missions, urban search and rescue, and scientific exploration. Critical to the success of these tasks is a system which moves au-tonomously through an unknown, obstacle-strewn, GPS-denied environment. Classical simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) approaches rely on large, heavy sensors to generate 3-D information about a MAV’s surroundings, severely limiting its abilities. This motivates a study of Parallel Tracking and Mapping (PTAM), an algorithm requiring only a single camera to provide 3-D data to an autonomous navigation system. Metric properties of 3-D MAV pose estimates are compared with physical measurements to ex-plore tracking accuracy. Additionally, a discrete wavelet transform-based keypoint detec-tor is implemented for a feasibility study on improving map density in low-visual-detail environments. Finally, a system is presented that integrates PTAM, autonomous MAV control, and a human interface for manual control and data logging.
Bowen, Jacob, "Single Camera Autonomous Navigation for Micro Aerial Vehicles" (2012). Theses and Dissertations. 3957.