French, W. Todd
Bricka, R. Mark
Walters, Keisha B.
Date of Degree
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Master of Science
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
Dave C. Swalm School of Chemical Engineering
Many nitroaromatic compounds (NACs) are considered toxic and potential carcinogens. The purpose of this study was to develop an integrated reductive/oxidative process for treating NAC contaminated waters. The process consists of the combination of zero-valent manganese or iron and a hydroxyl radical based treatment technique. Corrosion promoters were added to the contaminated water to minimize passivation of the metallic species. Water contaminated with 2,4-dinitrotoluen (DNT) was treated with the integrated process using a recirculating batch reactor. It was demonstrated that addition of corrosion promoters to the contaminated water enhanced the rate of reaction of 2,4-DNT with zero-valent iron or manganese. Results showed that iron provided greater reduction of 2,4-DNT than manganese. Chemical oxidation was used to mineralize the reduction products. The degree of mineralization was measured analyzing the samples for total organic carbon and nitrates. A proposed reaction and corrosion mechanisms and rate expressions were developed during the course of the study.
Thomas, J Mathew, "Single-Step Treatment of 2,4-Dinitrotoluene Via Zero-Valent Metal Reduction and Chemical Oxidation" (2006). Theses and Dissertations MSU. 3958.