Structure-Property Relationships And Morphometric Effects Of Different Shark Teeth On Shearing Performance
Date of Degree
Original embargo terms
Complete embargo for 3 years
Graduate Thesis - Open Access
Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Master of Science
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
In this study, the teeth of the Carcharodon carcharias (Great White) and the Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger) sharks were analyzed to examine their optimized structure-property relationships and edge serrations with regards to shearing. Structure-property analysis was conducted using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and optical microscopy to study the teeth using parametric optimization. Quantifying the structural properties also focused on the tooth serrations, which were captured in SEM and micrographs and were analyzed for geometric parameters using ImageJ software. Nanoindentation was performed to determine the material's mechanical properties. Further, finite element analysis (FEA) of the sharks' teeth serrations were carried out to quantify the optimum shearing performance of each serration type – zeroth (no serrations), first (a single array of serrations), and second (a secondary array of serrations upon the first array) order serration. Here, serration order, bite velocity, and angle-of-impact for ascertaining sharks' teeth shearing performance were analyzed. FEA results showed that serrated edges reduced the energy required to pierce and shear materials as the angle of penetration moved away from perpendicular to the surface. These bioinspired findings will help advance the design and optimization of engineered cutting tools.
Wood, John Watkins, "Structure-Property Relationships And Morphometric Effects Of Different Shark Teeth On Shearing Performance" (2018). Theses and Dissertations MSU. 4095.