Winger, A. Jeff

Committee Member

Arnoldus, Henk

Committee Member

Rykaczewski, P. Krzysztof

Committee Member

Srinivasan, Radhakrishnan

Committee Member

Ma, Wenchao

Date of Degree


Original embargo terms

MSU Only Indefinitely

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Engineering Physics

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


College of Arts and Sciences


Department of Physics and Astronomy


β decay studies of nuclei at the limits of stability are essential in evaluating the physical aspects behind the structural changes, particle configurations and interactions in neutronor proton-rich systems. Isobarically purified beams were used at the Holifeld Radioactive Ion Beam Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to study the β decays of 75Cu and 77Cu. Two different experiments were performed. In the first study, only concernig the decay of 77Cu, the 25-MV tandem accelerated ions were time-tagged using a micro-channel plate detector, passed through a six-segment ion chamber, and implanted on the tape of a moving tape collector. The passage through an ion chamber insured the ion identification by energy loss in the six segments. The Low Energy Radioactive Ion Beam Spectroscopy Station consisting of a universal detector support with four Ge clover detectors, two â detectors and a moving tape collector, was used in the second experiment. Bypassing of the tandem accelerator gave a factor of 10 gain in beam intensity for both 75Cu and 77Cu. These experiments resulted in considerable information on the previously unknown level structure of 75Zn with some 120 γ-ray transitions placed in a level scheme containing 59 levels including two above the neutron separation energy. We have also identified the previously unknown 1/2− isomeric state at 127 keV. A total of 64 γ rays were placed in a level scheme for 77Zn containing 35 excited states including one state above the neutron separation energy, while two γ rays were observed for the βn branch to states in 76Zn. The growth and decay curves of some prominent γ rays indicate a single β-decaying state with a half-life of 480(9) ms. The decay pattern for 77Cu, with observed feeding of 8(3)% to the 7/2+ 77Zng and 6(3)% to the 1/2− 77Znm, in contrast to the large feeding observed for decay of πp3/2 73Cug to 1/2− 73Zng, strongly suggests a πf5/2 ground state for the studied 77Cu activity. Results will be presented and the prospects for future possible studies will also be discussed.




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