Golden, Bobby R.

Committee Member

Irby, Trent

Committee Member

Bond, Jason A.

Committee Member

Gore, Jeff

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Science


Rice (Oryza sativa L.) that is grown in the U.S. is predominantly grown in the mid-south. Current Mississippi State University recommendations for nitrogen (N) fertilization of rice suggest a single application of 168 kg N ha-1 on soils with CEC ¡Ü 20 and 202 kg N ha-1 on soils with CEC > 20. The primary objective was to identify alternative N management strategies that may potentially be used to reduce costs associated with aerial application of N fertilizer to rice. Research was established at the Delta Research and Extension Center, at Stoneville, MS, on two soil textures during 2015 and 2016. The combination of application timings and N sources resulted in a total of eight N management strategies. Data from all siteyears were pooled together for analysis to evaluate differences among N management strategy. Urea + [N-(n-butyl)thiophosphoric triamide] (NBPT) applied in a single application 7 days before flood (DBF), two-way split application, and PCU-2 LF produced statistically similar and greatest mean rice grain yield. These data suggests that N fertilizer can be applied early (2 to 3 leaf growth stage) from a ground based fertilizer spreader prior to the levee construction. Single optimum and two-way split N management strategies produced more total dry matter (TDM) at heading (HDG) and more N uptake at HDG. Urea + NBPT applied in a single application 7 DBF should be the N management strategy of choice in mid-southern U.S. rice production.