Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Golden, Bobby R.

Committee Member

Irby, Trent

Committee Member

Bond, Jason A.

Committee Member

Gore, Jeff

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access



Degree Name

Master of Science


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Department of Plant and Soil Sciences


Rice (Oryza sativa L.) that is grown in the U.S. is predominantly grown in the mid-south. Current Mississippi State University recommendations for nitrogen (N) fertilization of rice suggest a single application of 168 kg N ha-1 on soils with CEC ¡Ü 20 and 202 kg N ha-1 on soils with CEC > 20. The primary objective was to identify alternative N management strategies that may potentially be used to reduce costs associated with aerial application of N fertilizer to rice. Research was established at the Delta Research and Extension Center, at Stoneville, MS, on two soil textures during 2015 and 2016. The combination of application timings and N sources resulted in a total of eight N management strategies. Data from all siteyears were pooled together for analysis to evaluate differences among N management strategy. Urea + [N-(n-butyl)thiophosphoric triamide] (NBPT) applied in a single application 7 days before flood (DBF), two-way split application, and PCU-2 LF produced statistically similar and greatest mean rice grain yield. These data suggests that N fertilizer can be applied early (2 to 3 leaf growth stage) from a ground based fertilizer spreader prior to the levee construction. Single optimum and two-way split N management strategies produced more total dry matter (TDM) at heading (HDG) and more N uptake at HDG. Urea + NBPT applied in a single application 7 DBF should be the N management strategy of choice in mid-southern U.S. rice production.