Title

The impact of a computer-based reading intervention program, "Academy of Reading" on reading achievement of second and third graders

Advisor

Okojie, Mabel

Committee Member

Olinzok, Anthony

Committee Member

Davis, Ed

Date of Degree

5-1-2008

Original embargo terms

MSU Only Indefinitely

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

College

College of Education

Abstract

This study’s purpose was to examine the impact of a computer-assisted reading program, “Academy of Reading,” on reading achievement of 2nd and 3rd grade readers. The researcher studied the impact a computer-aided reading program had on the reading achievement of students in a central Mississippi suburban school district. A quasi-experimental research design was used to conduct the research. There were a total of 8 intact classes out of 30 classes from 1 elementary school used in the study. Of these 8, 4 were 2nd-grade classes of 15 intact classes and 4 were 3rd-grade classes of 15 intact classes. The 2nd grade reading classes that were selected were identified as below average according to the Scientific Research Association (SRA) Reading Placement Test. The 3rd grade classes selected were performing at grade level. The 3rd grade did not have many intact classes below the established grade 3 level as in 2nd grade. The selected classes were randomly put in the control and quasi-experimental groups. Both groups were given the STAR reading assessment as a pretest. The quasi-experimental group contained 65 students who received the treatment for a 9-week period. Each class went to the computer lab 3 times a week for 30-minute sessions. The control group contained 68 students who continued with independent reading activities in the classroom. At the end of the quasi-experimental treatment both groups were administered the STAR reading assessment as the post-test. The control group had a pretest mean score of 3.14 and the quasi-experimental group had 2.64. An analysis of covariance was used to adjust for the pretest differences. The post-test scores indicated a slight increase in the mean scores in reading performance of both groups. The mean score for the control group was 3.30 and the quasi-experimental group was 2.87. The control group students improved the mean score by 0.16 and the quasi-experimental group improved by 0.23 points. There was no significant difference; therefore the null hypothesis was accepted. The quasi-experimental group had increased in reading performance as suggested by many articles and research publications, such as Fiedorowicz and Trites (1987), Colorado Commission of the States (1999), and Schacter (2000) supporting Academy of Reading. When the data were analyzed based on gender, ethnicity, and grade level, the quasi-experimental group had the largest increase in the mean scores. However, the findings showed that there was no statistical difference among the groups based on these demographic variables.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/16290

Comments

intervention||reading||computer-based

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