Title

The Paired Electron Crystal, Exotic Phases and Phase Transitions in Strongly Correlated Electron Systems

Author

Saurabh Dayal

Advisor

Clay, R. Torsten

Committee Member

Monts, David L.

Committee Member

Novotny, Mark A.

Committee Member

Horstemeyer, Mark F.

Committee Member

Gwaltney, Steven R.

Date of Degree

1-1-2012

Original embargo terms

MSU Only Indefinitely

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Abstract

Almost a century after its discovery, superconductivity (SC) is still the most challenging and fascinating topic in condensed matter physics. Organic superconductors show exotic phases and phase transitions with a change in temperature or pressure. In this dissertation, we studied the phases and phase-transitions in one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) organic materials. This dissertation itself is a group of three sub-projects. In project (i), we studied the properties of a novel state “paired electron crystal” (PEC) in the quarterfilled Hubbard model to understand the phases and properties of 2D organic materials. We also studied the effects of charge and spin frustration on the 2D strongly correlated quarterfilled band. Our conclusions are based on exact diagonalization (ED) studies that include electron-electron and adiabatic electron-phonon interactions. For moderate to strong frustration, the dominant phase is a novel spin-singlet PEC. We discuss the implications of the PEC concept for understanding several classes of quarterilled band materials that display unconventional superconductivity. In project (ii), we studied the thermodynamics of a zigzag ladder model, applicable to quasi-1D organic materials. Using the quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) method, we studied the thermodynamics of charge ordering in quarterilled quasi-1D organic charge transfer solids (CTS). Previous theoretical studies on these CTS have focused on ground state properties or purely 1D systems. In the zigzag ladder, no separate high-temperature ordering is expected; instead the ladder is metallic at high temperature, and as temperature decreases, a single transition to the PEC state with a spin-gap takes place. In project (iii), we studied superconducting pairing correlation and metal-insulator transitions in the halfilled Hubbard model. We employed the Hubbard model and used the path integral renormalization group (PIRG) method for this study. Antiferromagneticmediated SC was suggested for small to large frustration in anisotropic triangular lattices. Previous work on the halfilled Hubbard model using the ED method was successful in showing the absence of d-wave SC on a small anisotropic triangular lattice. We extended this study to larger lattices to investigate the existence of long-range order of superconducting pair-pair correlations. We also show the absence of d-wave SC in this model on larger lattices.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/21254

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