Mississippi State University
Du, Jenny Q.
Follett, Randolph F.
Date of Degree
Dissertation - Open Access
Doctor of Philosophy
James Worth Bagley College of Engineering
Filtering or estimation is of great importance to virtually all disciplines of engineering and science that need inference, learning, information fusion, and knowledge discovery of dynamical systems. The filtering problem is to recursively determine the states and/or parameters of a dynamical system from a sequence of noisy measurements made on the system. The theory and practice of optimal estimation of linear Gaussian dynamical systems have been well established and successful, but optimal estimation of nonlinear and non-Gaussian dynamical systems is much more challenging and in general requires solving partial differential equations and intractable high-dimensional integrations. Hence, Gaussian approximation filters are widely used. In this dissertation, three innovative point-based Gaussian approximation filters including sparse Gauss-Hermite quadrature filter, sparse-grid quadrature filter, and the anisotropic sparse-grid quadrature filter are proposed. The relationship between the proposed filters and conventional Gaussian approximation filters is analyzed. In particular, it is proven that the popular unscented Kalman filter and the cubature Kalman filter are subset of the proposed sparse-grid filters. The sparse-grid filters are employed in three aerospace applications including spacecraft attitude estimation, orbit determination, and relative navigation. The results show that the proposed filters can achieve better estimation accuracy than the conventional Gaussian approximation filters, such as the extended Kalman filter, the cubature Kalman filter, the unscented Kalman filter, and is computationally more efficient than the Gauss-Hermite quadrature filter.
Jia, Bin, "The Sparse-grid based Nonlinear Filter: Theory and Applications" (2012). Theses and Dissertations. 4658.