Theses and Dissertations


Mustafa Sen

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Morrison, Minion K.C.

Committee Member

Chamberlain, James A.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Arts


College of Arts and Sciences


In this study, I examine how sectarian and ethnic fragmentations along with the economic disparity have different deteriorating effects on the stability of the bloody conflict in Syria, and how these effects make it difficult for society to build a consensus that would end the conflict. Politicized Ethnic fragmentation and mobilized sectarianism fueled opposition that destabilized Syria; the government’s violent repression of opposition groups exacerbated the conflict that led to virtual civil war; the armed conflict precipitated a crisis of confidence that spawned mass migration; the economic disparity in the country caused more divided society, and it made society vulnerable to experience a civil war. Offering an explanation for the refugee crises caused by the Syrian conflict will provide more explanatory power over why people choose to flee and become refugees.