Theses and Dissertations


John Haywood

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Sescu, Adrian

Committee Member

Janus, J. Mark

Committee Member

Bhushan, Shanti

Committee Member

Thompson, David S.

Committee Member

Keith, Jason M.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Aerospace Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Aerospace Engineering


With the increased application of large eddy simulations and hybrid Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes techniques, the generation of realistic turbulence at inflow boundaries is crucial for the accuracy of numerical results. In this dissertation research, two novel turbulence inflow generation methods are derived and validated. The first method, the Triple Hill's Vortex Synthetic Eddy Method, is a new type of synthetic eddy method, where the fundamental eddy is constructed through a superposition of three orthogonal Hill's vortices. The amplitudes of the three vortices that form the fundamental eddy are calculated from known Reynolds stress profiles through a transformation from the physical reference frame to the principal-axis reference frame. In this way, divergenceree anisotropic turbulent velocity fields are obtained that can reproduce a given Reynolds stress tensor. The model was tested on isotropic turbulence decay, turbulent channel flow, and a spatially developing turbulent mixing layer. The Triple Hill's Vortex Synthetic Eddy Method exhibited a quicker recovery of the desired turbulent flow conditions when compared with other current synthetic turbulence methods. The second method is the Control Forced Concurrent Precursor Method which combines an existing concurrent precursor method and a mean flow forcing method with a new extension of the controlled forcing method. Turbulent inflow boundary conditions are imposed through a region of body forces added as source terms to the momentum equations of the main simulation which transfer flow variables from the precursor simulation. Controlled forcing planes imposed in the precursor simulation, allow for specific Reynolds stress tensors and mean velocities to be imposed. A unique feature of the approach is that the proposed fluctuating flow controlled forcing method can be applied to multiple fluctuating velocity components and couple their calculation to amplify the existing fluctuations present in the precursor flow field so that prescribed anisotropic Reynolds stress tensors can be reproduced. The new method was tested on high and low Reynolds number turbulent boundary layer flows, where the proposed fluctuating flow controlled forcing method greatly accelerated the development of the turbulent boundary layers when compared with cases without controlled forcing and with only the original controlled forcing.



Effort sponsored by the Engineering Research & Development Center under Cooperative Agreement number W912HZ-17-C-0021.