Title

Validation of the Two-Parameter-Fracture Criterion for Various Crack Configurations made of 2014-T6 (TL) Aluminum Alloy using Finite Element Fracture Simulations

Author

Mounia Malki

Advisor

Newman, James C., Jr.

Committee Member

Sullivan, Rani Warsi

Committee Member

Lacy, Thomas E.

Date of Degree

1-1-2018

Original embargo terms

MSU Only Indefinitely

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

James Worth Bagley College of Engineering

Department

Department of Aerospace Engineering

Abstract

The Two-Parameter-Fracture-Criterion (TPFC) was validated using an elastic-plastic two-dimensional (2D) finite-element code, ZIP2D, with the plane-strain-core concept. Fracture simulations were performed on three crack configurations: (1) middle-crack-tension, M(T), (2) single-edge-crack-tension, SE(T), and (3) single-edge crack-bend, SE(B), specimens. They were made of 2014-T6 (TL) aluminum alloy. Fracture test data from Thomas Orange work (NASA) were only available on M(T) specimens (one-half width, w = 1.5 to 6 in.) and they were all tested at cryogenic (-320oF) temperature. All crack configurations were analysed over a very wide range of widths (w = 0.75 to 24 in.) and crack-length-to-width ratios ranged from 0.2 to 0.8. The TPFC was shown to fit the simulated fracture data fairly well (within 6.5%) for all crack configurations for net-section stresses less than the material proportional limit. For M(T) specimens, a simple approximation was shown to work well for net-section stresses greater than the proportional limit. Further study is needed for net-section stresses greater than the proportional limit for the SE(T) and SE(B) specimens.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/16606

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