Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Horstemeyer, Mark F.

Committee Member

Rhee, Hongjoo

Committee Member

Bouvard, Jean-Luc

Committee Member

Lacy, Thomas E. Jr

Date of Degree

5-1-2013

Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Abstract

This dissertation proposes a modi ed internal state variable (ISV) inelastic damage model that was motivated by experimental structure{property relations of thermoplastics. In particular, a new damage model was developed for glassy, amorphous thermoplastics. ISV evolution equations are de ned through thermodynamics, kinematics, and kinetics for isotropic damage arising from two di erent inclusion types: pores and particles. The damage arising from the particles and crazes is accounted for by three processes: damage nucleation, growth, and coalescence. Damage nucleation is de ned as the number density of voids/crazes. The associated ISV rate equation is a function of stress state, molecular weight, fracture toughness, particle size, particle volume fraction, temperature, and strain rate. The damage growth is based upon a single void growing and its growth is de ned by an ISV rate equation that is a function of stress state, strain rate sensitivity, and strain rate. The coalescence ISV equation enables interaction between voids and crazes and is a function of the nearest neighbor distance between voids/crazes, size of voids/crazes, temperature, and strain rate. The damage arising from pre-existing voids employs the Cocks{Ashby void growth rule. The total void volume fraction is a summation of the damage arising from particles, pores, and crazes. Micromechanical modeling results for a single void compare well to experimental ndings garnered from the literature. This formulation is then implemented into a nite element analysis. For damage evolution, comparisons are made between a one-dimensional material point simulator and a three-dimensional nite element (FE) simulation. Finally, good agreement is found between impact experiments and FE impact simulations using the implemented model.

URI

https://hdl.handle.net/11668/18278

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