Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University

Advisor

Reichert, Nancy

Committee Member

Klink, Vincent

Committee Member

Wang, Ying

Committee Member

Li, Jiaxu

Date of Degree

4-30-2021

Original embargo terms

Complete embargo for 2 years

Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Major

Biological Sciences

Degree Name

Master of Science

College

College of Arts and Sciences

Department

Department of Biological Sciences

Abstract

The secretory pathway of G. max performs a prominent role in its defense to H. glycines parasitism, a finding reinforced by the identification of the SNARE-associated gene ALPHA-SNAP-5 being rhg1. Other proteins performing important roles in secretion are Sec61-ALPHA, Sec61-BETA and Sec61-GAMMA which bind to form a trimeric complex that imports proteins into the ER for their eventual secretion. Comparative analyses to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sec61ALPHA, Sec61BETA and Sec61GAMMA proteins, respectively, shows G. max has 4 Sec61-ALPHA, 9 Sec61-BETA and4 Sec61-GAMMA proteins. At least one paralog from each gene family is expressed in H. glycines-parasitized root cells in G. max, but while undergoing a defense process. The overexpression of one selected Sec61-ALPHA, Sec61-BETA and Sec61-GAMMA in the H. glycines-susceptible genotype G. max[Williams 82/PI 518671] leads to an engineered defense response. In contrast, RNAi of the same selected Sec61-ALPHA, Sec61-BETA and Sec61-GAMMA genes in the H. glycines-resistant genotype G. max[Peking/PI 548402] leads to an engineered susceptible response. The combined opposite outcomes of the Sec61-ALPHA, Sec61-BETA and Sec61-GAMMA gene overexpression and RNAi provides evidence that they function in the defense process, consistent with the hypothesis that the G. max secretion system plays a role in its defense to H. glycines parasitism.

Available for download on Monday, May 15, 2023

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