Theses and Dissertations


Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Li, Like

Committee Member

Cho, Heejin

Committee Member

Priddy, Matthew W.

Committee Member

Singh, Prashant

Date of Degree


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Mechanical Engineering

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D)


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering


Analyses of heat and mass transfer between different materials and phases are essential in numerous fundamental scientific problems and practical engineering applications, such as thermal and chemical transport in porous media, design of heat exchangers, dendritic growth during solidification, and thermal/mechanical analysis of additive manufacturing processes. In the numerical simulation, interface treatment can be further divided into sharp interface schemes and diffuse interface schemes according to the morphological features of the interface. This work focuses on the following subjects through computational studies: (1) critical evaluation of the various sharp interface schemes in the literature for conjugate heat and mass transfer modeling with the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), (2) development of a novel sharp interface scheme in the LBM for conjugate heat and mass transfer between materials/phases with very high transport property ratios, and (3) development of a new diffuse-interface phase-field-lattice Boltzmann method (PFM/LBM) for dendritic growth and solidification modeling.

For comparison of the previous sharp interface schemes in the LBM, the numerical accuracy and convergence orders are scrutinized with representative test cases involving both straight and curved geometries.

The proposed novel sharp interface scheme in the LBM is validated with both published results in the literature as well as in-house experimental measurements for the effective thermal conductivity (ETC) of porous lattice structures. Furthermore, analytical correlations for the normalized ETC are proposed for various material pairs and over the entire range of porosity based on the detailed LBM simulations. In addition, we provide a modified correlation based on the SS420-air and SS316L-air metal pairs and the high porosity range for specific application.

The present PFM/LBM model has several improved features compared to those in the literature and is capable of modeling dendritic growth with fully coupled melt flow and thermosolutal convection-diffusion. The applicability and accuracy of the PFM/LBM model is verified with numerical tests including isothermal, iso-solutal and thermosolutal convection-diffusion problems in both 2D and 3D. Furthermore, the effects of natural convection on the growth of multiple crystals are numerically investigated.