Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Eakin, Deborah

Committee Member

Jacquin, Kristine

Committee Member

Giesen, Martin

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access

Degree Name

Master of Science


This study investigated whether knowledge about memory strategies was impaired in a group of young adults with Asperger’s Syndrome (AS) as compared to a group of young adults without AS. Both groups participated in two tasks, one designed to examine the categorization strategy and one to examine the interactive imagery strategy. Participants with AS showed a production deficit because they were unable to spontaneously produce either strategy to benefit their memory performance. However, the group with AS did not show evidence of a utilization deficit; when they were trained on strategies, they were able to use them effectively both immediately after training and after a delay of one week. The findings provide additional evidence that metamemory deficits observed in AS are similar to those seen in children and older adults, presumably due to the frontal and temporal lobe abnormalities that individuals with AS share with both age groups.