College of Arts and Sciences Publications and Scholarship


Commingled and fragmentary remains are found in numerous contexts worldwide. These assemblages typically require large scale, long term study to fully extract and contextualize meaningful data. However, when uncovered in CRM and foreign settings where remains cannot leave their country of origin, there is a need for quick, reliable data collection. Presented here is a recording system for use in field- and research-based laboratory settings. Utilizing visual forms and a minimal set of observations for skeletal elements from the cranium to the foot, the database facilitates data collection of fragment identification, age at death and sex estimation, dental observations, trauma recording, and taphonomic observations. A data dictionary is also provided, with definitions and value lists used in the database itself. The database has been used in field labs throughout the old world and by numerous researchers who have modified it to meet their own research needs. By presenting a minimal standard of data in a highly adaptable database, the recording system described here provides consistent baseline data in a user-friendly, quick-access format.


FileMaker Pro database for recording commingled and fragmentary remains. Created by Anna Osterholtz using the FileMaker platform.

Publication Date



College of Arts and Sciences


Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Cultures

Research Center

Cobb Institute of Archaeology


Bioarchaeology, commingled remains, Filemaker Pro

00 Summary Data.fmp12 (256 kB)
01 Cranium.fmp12 (1888 kB)
02 Dental.fmp12 (2232 kB)
03 Vertebra.fmp12 (1896 kB)
04 Shoulder.fmp12 (2712 kB)
05 Arm.fmp12 (20256 kB)
06 Os Coxa.fmp12 (3248 kB)
07 Leg.fmp12 (1592 kB)
08 Hand.fmp12 (1224 kB)
09 Feet.fmp12 (1052 kB)
Arm.png (2139 kB)
Cranium.png (2059 kB)
Dental.png (624 kB)
Foot.png (1325 kB)
Hand.png (1181 kB)
Leg.png (2278 kB)
Os Coxa.png (2103 kB)
Shoulder.png (2013 kB)
Summary data.png (164 kB)
Vertebra.png (1469 kB)
Data Dictionary.pdf (191 kB)