ME 4233/6233 Fundamentals of FEA



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The Taylor impact test is an experimental technique used to determine dynamic material response and to validate constitutive models used in numerical simulations. It generally consists of shooting a cylinder rod of a select material against a rigid target at different velocities. After impact, the plastic deformation of the cylinder is recorded and is directly compared to numerical predictions. Another application for Taylor impact was proposed by Li et al. (2021) where the nose shape of the cylinder is modified to create different loading environments that can test electronic equipment in penetration weapons. FEA models where designed in ABAQUS/Explicit to recreate the force pulse shape and deformation of Taylor impact tests consisting of 3A21 Al rods with blunt, hemispherical, truncated ogive, and truncated conical nose shapes. A Johnson-Cook constitutive model was developed from available characterization tests, as well surrogate material data. Results showed good agreement in the deformation characteristics of the projectiles with experimental measurements, but failed to predict the distinct shock wave forms and peak loads during impact. Study exposed multiple limitations in the current FEA model to capture the loading environment in Taylor impact tests and suggests areas of improvement for future research.


Taylor impact, Johnson-Cook model, high g loading, nose shape, FEA


Computational Engineering | Engineering | Mechanical Engineering


James Worth Bagley College of Engineering


Department of Mechanical Engineering

Numerical Analysis of Taylor Impact  with Various Nose Shapes