Circuit Court records - CLPL



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Forty-six pages of original court documents from the State v. Woodfin case dating 1855. The case was heard in the State of Mississippi Lowndes County Circuit Court.


The State of Mississippi, Lowndes County, charged Samuel H. Woodfin with the murder of an enslaved man named Isaac. The State asserted that Isaac, belonging to the estate of William Kennon, deceased, died through the maltreatment practiced and inflicted to an inhumane and improper extent by Woodfin. Case testimony states that Isaac and an enslaved woman were caught running away on May 16, 1855. They were then chained, put in the stocks, and whipped with a leather whip on May 17th. Woodfin claimed that he only hit the enslaved persons with twigs and that Isaac died from cramp colic. Case file includes testimony from a Dr. Robert Foster on behalf of the state testifying to the condition of the victim's body. Portions, if not all, of the case was heard in Magistrate Court in Crawfordsville, Lowndes County, Mississippi.

Approximate Creation Date


Time Period



Slaveholders.; Slavery -- Mississippi.; Slavery -- Mississippi -- History -- Sources.; Slaveholders.; Slaves -- Social Conditions.; Crime and race.; Legal documents.; Negotiable instruments.; Crime--History.


Slavery, Slaves, Circuit Court, State Court, Criminal Files, Enslaved persons, Lowndes County, Mississippi; Legal instrument

Geographic Location

Columbus--Mississippi; Lowndes County (Miss.).

Object Type


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Digital Format


Digital ID



State of Mississippi Lowndes County Circuit Court State Criminal Case Files Collection. Billups-Garth Archives, Columbus-Lowndes Public Library System (Miss.).


Columus-Lowndes Public Library System


Columbus-Lowndes Public Library System

Digital Publisher

Mississippi State University Libraries


Images, texts, transcriptions, and/or recordings reproduced in this document may be protected by copyright. Users who contemplate reproducing materials should determine ownership and, if restricted, seek permission before reproducing them. Whenever possible, the Local History Department (LHD) at the Columbus-Lowndes Public Library System will provide information about copyright owners and restrictions. The LHD provides this information as a service to aid researchers in determining the appropriate use of an item, but that determination ultimately rests with the researcher.

State of Mississippi, Circuit Court Criminal Case, Lowndes County State v. Woodfin, Case File No. 1227



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