Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Hassan, El Barbary M

Committee Member

Street, Jason Tyler

Committee Member

Zhang, Jilei

Committee Member

Kim, Yun Sang

Committee Member

Shmulsky, Rubin

Date of Degree


Original embargo terms


Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access


Forest Resources

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy


College of Forest Resources


Department of Sustainable Bioproducts


Increasing population across the globe paved the way for rapid growth in industrialization. Pharmaceuticals, automotive, textiles, agriculture, electronics, electrical and many other industries discharge different types of heavy metals, dyes and organic contaminants into ground water. These discharges are released into lakes and rivers without prior treatment causing huge environmental impact to the environment. Among different remediation techniques, adsorption was considered the most promising method because of its low-cost and high efficiency. Biomass is considered as the most practical and renewable source for production of bio products and biofuels. Biomass is also used for carbon sequestration and as an essential element to produce hydrochar and biochar which are considered as the 21st century black gold. Hydrochar and biochar can be used as an excellent low-cost adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals, dyes and organic contaminants from water. This dissertation work focuses on, firstly, development of novel oxone treated hydrochar as an adsorbent for the efficient removal of Pb(II) and Methylene Blue (MB) from aqueous solutions. Secondly, preparing novel ozone oxidized hydrochar treated with polyethyleneimine for removal of Remzol Brilliant Blue (RBB) and Remzol Reactive Black (RRB) dyes from aqueous solutions. Thirdly, producing high-performance CO2 activated biochar as an adsorbent for efficient removal of Aniline from aqueous solution. All prepared hydrochar and biochar adsorbents were characterized by SEM, TGA, FTIR, Elemental analysis, conductometric titration, and N2 adsorption-desorption isothermal analyses (BET and BJH). The adsorption capacities were determined by Atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS) and Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy (UV-VIS) respectively. The adsorption capacity of each prepared biochar or hydrochar was determined and both kinetic and isothermal studies were performed. The optimal preparation conditions and adsorption parameters were determined for each adsorbent.



This Dissertation is a contribution of the Forest and Wildlife Research Center, Mississippi State University.