Reddy, K. Raja

Committee Member

Macoon, Bisoondat

Committee Member

Baldwin, Brian S.

Committee Member

Lang, David J.

Committee Member

Reddy, Krishna N.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Influence of nitrogen (N) deficiency on castor cv. ‘Hale’ growth, physiology, and leaf reflectance properties were investigated. Treatments imposed were complete Hoagland’s nutrient solution (control, 100N), reduced N to 20% of the control (20N) and withheld N from the solution (0N) from 34 to 66 days after sowing (DAS) in 12-L pots grown out doors. N deficiency significantly reduced leaf area, chlorophyll and photosynthesis resulting lower total biomass. Leaf and stem growth rates were more sensitive to leaf N concentration than photosynthesis and leaf addition rates. N deficiency stress increased leaf reflectance at R555 and R715 nm and caused a red-edge shift to shorter wavelengths. Reflectance ratios of R455/R605 and R505/R605 nm was highly correlated with leaf N on weight (r2 = 0.93) and area-based (r2 = 0.90) estimations, respectively. Similarly, reflectance ratio R635/R505 was highly correlated with chlorophylls (r2 = 0.94). The N-specific wavebands and functional relationships between leaf N and growth and developmental processes would be useful for rapid and non-destructive estimation of leaf N and growth rates of castor.