Theses and Dissertations

Issuing Body

Mississippi State University


Ryan, Peter

Committee Member

Hopper, Richard M.

Committee Member

Lang, David J.

Committee Member

Rhinchart, Justin D.

Committee Member

Christainsen, David L.

Date of Degree


Document Type

Graduate Thesis - Open Access


Animal Physiology

Degree Name

Master of Science (M.S.)


College of Agriculture and Life Sciences


Animal Physiology Program


Fescue toxicosis is a condition that afflicts livestock grazing endophyte-infected tall fescue and is particularly detrimental to pregnant mares. A two year evaluation study of a novel endophtye-infected cultivar, AGRFA-144 (A-144), did not induce fescue toxicosis in late-term pregnant mares. All mares delivered viable foals except in E+ group which had two viable foals, one stillborn-dystocia and one compromised foal which was euthanized at 72 h pp. Serum P4 concentrations were similar among A-144, NE+, and E- mares (p>0.05). Foal BW and foal/placental weight ratios were similar for A-144, NE+, and E- (p>0.05). Foal serum P4 was similar on 1 d and 2 d in all groups, but was lower (p = 0.049) in the A-144 group than the E- foals on day 0. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratios were similar (~5:1) in all foals on d 0 and 2. IgG values were similar (p>0.05) among A-144, NE+, and E-.